Tag Archive: tajweed


Rules of tajweed


Why knowledge of the tajweed rules is so important?

RULES OF TAJWEED

Tajweed is the Science of reading Qur’an correctly. Learning how to recite the Qur’an correctly respecting the Rules of Tajweed is an obligatory act upon EVERY Muslim.

 

Short description of Tajweed rules

Arabic Alphabet

The emission points of the letters, or Makhaarijul Huruf, is the study of where the sounds of the different letters are emitted from. There are 17 places, in various regions of the throat, tongue, lips, nose, as well as the mouth as a whole for the prolonged (Mudd) letters.

 

Emission points of the letters – place of articulation.

The emission points of the letters or Makhaarijul Huruf is the study of where the sounds of the different letters are emitted from. There are 17 places in various regions of the throat tongue lips nose as well as the mouth as a whole for the prolonged (Mudd) letters.

 

Characteristics of the letters – manner of articulation.

The characteristics of the letters or Siffat al Huruf refer to the different attributes of the letters. Western phoneticians call this the

Some of the characteristics have opposites while some are individual. An example of a characteristic would be the whistling (Safeer) which is an attribute sound of air escaping from a tube. Western phoneticians call this whistling characteristic fricative.

 

Rules of the letter NUN and tanween

The NUN sakinah and tanween (vowels that produces a “nnn” sound immediately after it) can be pronounced in four different ways: Clear (Idhar))(ء،ه،ع ،ح،غ،خ) Merged with the next letter (Idgham) Hidden (Ikhfa) and changed from a “nnn” sound to a “mmm” sound (Iqlaab).

 

Rules of the letter MIM

The MIM sakinah can be pronounced in three different ways clear (Idhar) prolonged nasalization (Ghunnah) and uncloselipped (ikhfaa shafawee).

 

Rules of prolongation [muddud]

These rules refer to the number of beats that are pronounced when voweled letter is followed by a MUDD letter. The MUDD letters are Alif Yaah and Waw. The number of beats can range from 2 counts ordinarily. 4 or 5 counts when there is a Hamzah (ء) and the maximum six counts when it is followed by a shaddah.

 

Rules of the letter LAM

The Arabic word for “the” is al- (the letters alif and lam). The lam in al- is pronounced if the letter after is “qamariyya” (lunar) but silent if the letter after is “shamsiyya” (solar).

 

Qalqalah

The five qalqalah letters are قطبج and د. Qalqalah literally meaning unrest is the vibration or bouncing sound of a letter whose vowel sound was cancelled by a sukūn or šaddah.[1] The lesser vibration occurs when the qalqalah letter is in the middle of a word or is at the end of the word but is joined to the word after it in continuous recitation.[1] The moderate vibration is when the qalqalah letter is at the end of the word but does not have a šaddah.[1] The greater vibration is when the qalqalah letter is at the end of the word and has a šaddah.[1]

 

Thickness and Thinness of the letters

Some of the Arabic letters are always pronounced thick with a heavy accent (Tafkhim). Some letters are pronounced thin with a light accent (Tarqeeq). The first category of letters are called “mufakham” the latter “muraqqaq”. Some letters depend on the scenario and are sometimes pronounced thick and sometimes thin.

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What is the difference between Tarteel vs Tajweed ?

  • Tajweed is the science of the rules of recitation of the Quran.  Reciting with tajweed means that one is applying the rules of tajweed.  A related word is “mujawwad”.
  • Tarteel means reading as the Prophet (PBUH) used to recite and as he was ordered to by Allah.  [wa rattil il-Qurana tarteela] (Muzzammil 4).   The tafsir of this aya (according to ibn kahteer) is to recite the Qur’an slowly, making the letters clear because this is an assistance in understanding and pondering the meaning of the Qur’an.  A related word is “Murattal”.
  • When asked about the meaning of Tarteel, Ali (Radhiallahu Anhu) replied, ‘It means that the Qur’an should be recited with Tajweed and with due observance to the rules of Waqf (pausing or stopping at the end of the verse).’
  • In this sense, there is no difference between the two words.
  • We will use the term Tajweed to refer to the science (the group of rules) that we wish to master in order to recite with Tarteel.
  • The most valuable learning and reciting is the one performed by carfully observing language, mind and heart. The language takes care of the accuracy of the sounds and words, mind interprets their meaning and the heart keeps their instructions, advices and warnings. So the language speaks, mind recognizes and heart receives the moral message.

ٱلَّذِينَ ءَاتَيۡنَـٰهُمُ ٱلۡكِتَـٰبَ يَتۡلُونَهُ ۥ حَقَّ تِلَاوَتِهِۦۤ أُوْلَـٰٓٮِٕكَ يُؤۡمِنُونَ بِهِۦ‌ۗ

وَمَن يَكۡفُرۡ بِهِۦ فَأُوْلَـٰٓٮِٕكَ هُمُ ٱلۡخَـٰسِرُونَ

“Those unto whom We have given the Scripture, who read it with the right reading, those believe in it. And whoso disbelieveth in it, those are they who are the losers. (Al-Baqara, 121).

Narrated Uthman, Prophet Muhammad () said: ‘The best among you are those who learn the Qur’an and teach it to others’ (Sahih Al Bukhari vol 6, book 61, no. 545) Tajweed is the Science of reading Qur’an correctly. Learning how to recite the Qur’an correctly is an obligatory act upon EVERY Muslim.

reference: http://tajweedstudy.com/

What is tarteel?


Allah Ta’ala says in the Holy Qur’an:

ورَتلناه ترتيلا

“And with tarteel We have revealed it i.e. the Qur’an”

Also we have been ordered to recite the Qur’an with tarteel; Allah Ta’ala says,

ورتل القرأن ترتيلا

“And recite the Qur’an with tarteel”

From the above two verses, it becomes obligatory on us to recite the Qur’an with tarteel.


Tajwīd (Arabic: تجويد‎ taǧwīd) is an Arabic word for elocution, (meaning to improve, to make better, to embellish) meaning proper pronunciation during recitation, as well as Qur’an recitation at a moderate speed. It is a set of tajweed rules which govern how the Qur’an should be read. It is derived from the triliteral root ǧ-w-d, meaning to make well, make better, or improve. Tajweed Qur’an is required by fard.

    • Tajweed of the Holy Qur’an is the knowledge and application of the rules of recitation to the reading of the Qur’an as the Prophet Mohammed pbuh, recited
    • Allah (j.s.) orders: “Pronounce the Quran carefully (with tarteel).”
    • According to verified sources the Messenger said: “Study the Quran with the Arabic melody and sounds.”
    • Tarteel (preciseness wisdom perfection) is a feature of the Quran as it is said in the ayat: “And we reveal it ayat by ayat (tarteel). (Al-Furkan.32)