Archive for April, 2013

The Noble Qur’an English Translation of The Meanings and Commentary.

Interpretation of the Meanings of the Noble Qur’an (1999) by Darussalam (first published 1977) is translated by Muhammad Muhsin Khan and Muhammad Taqi-ud-Din Al-Hilali. This translation is among the most widely read translations in the world, primarily because it is the officially promoted translation of the Saudi Government.

This English translation was sponsored by the Saudi government and is provided free. It has been reported to be the most popular and “Now the most widely disseminated Qur’an in most Islamic bookstores and Sunni mosques throughout the English-speaking world, this new translation is meant to replace the Yusuf ‘Ali edition and comes with a seal of approval from both the University of Medina and the Saudi Dar al-Ifta.

Translated by
Dr. Muhammad Taqi-ud-Din Al-Hilali
Formerly Professor of Islamic Faith and Teachings
Islamic University, Al-Madinah Al-Munawwarah

Dr. Muhammad Muhsin Khan
Formerly Director, University Hospital
Islamic University, Al-Madinah Al-Munawwarah

File type: PDF

Noble Quran Free downloadFile size: 30 MB


Answered by Shaykh Yusuf Badat


I am a new Muslim and wanted to know why many Muslims use the word Jazakum Allah Khayran? Is it a prayer? Are we supposed to say something after hearing it? A clarification will be appreciated.



May Allah continue to shower his blessings upon you. Your desire to learn the correct teachings and meanings of Islamic practices is admirable.

This is the Islamic term of expressing thanks or saying thank you. The translation of ‘Jazakum Allah Khayran’(جَزَاكُمُ اللَّهُ خَيْرًا) is “May Allah reward you [in] goodness.” The Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) said, “If good is done to someone and then they say “Jazak Allah Khayran” to the one who did the good, they have indeed praised them well.” (Tirmidhi).

By saying ‘Jazakum Allah Khayran’, one is appreciating someone’s favour, is making a prayer for them, and is also attaining rewards for oneself from Allah, by uttering this term. Some learned linguistics have also stated that it is important to add the words “Khayran” meaning ‘goodness’ after “Jazakum Allah” as we want the one who favoured us to receive a good return, not any form of a return.

There are numerous ways of responding to one who says ‘Jazakum Allah Khayran’. The two most common terms used to respond are, either “Wa Iyyakum (وإياكم)” meaning “And goodness to you also” or “Wa antum Fa Jazakum Allah Khayran” (وَأَنْتُمْ فَجَزَاكُمُ اللَّهُ خَيْرًا) meaning “And in fact to you, may Allah reward you [in] goodness also.” (See Kanz Al Ummaal)

Note: ‘Jazak Allah’ is singular and ‘Jazakum Allah’ is plural.

And Allah Knows Best

Rules of tajweed

Why knowledge of the tajweed rules is so important?


Tajweed is the Science of reading Qur’an correctly. Learning how to recite the Qur’an correctly respecting the Rules of Tajweed is an obligatory act upon EVERY Muslim.


Short description of Tajweed rules

Arabic Alphabet

The emission points of the letters, or Makhaarijul Huruf, is the study of where the sounds of the different letters are emitted from. There are 17 places, in various regions of the throat, tongue, lips, nose, as well as the mouth as a whole for the prolonged (Mudd) letters.


Emission points of the letters – place of articulation.

The emission points of the letters or Makhaarijul Huruf is the study of where the sounds of the different letters are emitted from. There are 17 places in various regions of the throat tongue lips nose as well as the mouth as a whole for the prolonged (Mudd) letters.


Characteristics of the letters – manner of articulation.

The characteristics of the letters or Siffat al Huruf refer to the different attributes of the letters. Western phoneticians call this the

Some of the characteristics have opposites while some are individual. An example of a characteristic would be the whistling (Safeer) which is an attribute sound of air escaping from a tube. Western phoneticians call this whistling characteristic fricative.


Rules of the letter NUN and tanween

The NUN sakinah and tanween (vowels that produces a “nnn” sound immediately after it) can be pronounced in four different ways: Clear (Idhar))(ء،ه،ع ،ح،غ،خ) Merged with the next letter (Idgham) Hidden (Ikhfa) and changed from a “nnn” sound to a “mmm” sound (Iqlaab).


Rules of the letter MIM

The MIM sakinah can be pronounced in three different ways clear (Idhar) prolonged nasalization (Ghunnah) and uncloselipped (ikhfaa shafawee).


Rules of prolongation [muddud]

These rules refer to the number of beats that are pronounced when voweled letter is followed by a MUDD letter. The MUDD letters are Alif Yaah and Waw. The number of beats can range from 2 counts ordinarily. 4 or 5 counts when there is a Hamzah (ء) and the maximum six counts when it is followed by a shaddah.


Rules of the letter LAM

The Arabic word for “the” is al- (the letters alif and lam). The lam in al- is pronounced if the letter after is “qamariyya” (lunar) but silent if the letter after is “shamsiyya” (solar).



The five qalqalah letters are قطبج and د. Qalqalah literally meaning unrest is the vibration or bouncing sound of a letter whose vowel sound was cancelled by a sukūn or šaddah.[1] The lesser vibration occurs when the qalqalah letter is in the middle of a word or is at the end of the word but is joined to the word after it in continuous recitation.[1] The moderate vibration is when the qalqalah letter is at the end of the word but does not have a šaddah.[1] The greater vibration is when the qalqalah letter is at the end of the word and has a šaddah.[1]


Thickness and Thinness of the letters

Some of the Arabic letters are always pronounced thick with a heavy accent (Tafkhim). Some letters are pronounced thin with a light accent (Tarqeeq). The first category of letters are called “mufakham” the latter “muraqqaq”. Some letters depend on the scenario and are sometimes pronounced thick and sometimes thin.

What is the difference between Tarteel vs Tajweed ?

  • Tajweed is the science of the rules of recitation of the Quran.  Reciting with tajweed means that one is applying the rules of tajweed.  A related word is “mujawwad”.
  • Tarteel means reading as the Prophet (PBUH) used to recite and as he was ordered to by Allah.  [wa rattil il-Qurana tarteela] (Muzzammil 4).   The tafsir of this aya (according to ibn kahteer) is to recite the Qur’an slowly, making the letters clear because this is an assistance in understanding and pondering the meaning of the Qur’an.  A related word is “Murattal”.
  • When asked about the meaning of Tarteel, Ali (Radhiallahu Anhu) replied, ‘It means that the Qur’an should be recited with Tajweed and with due observance to the rules of Waqf (pausing or stopping at the end of the verse).’
  • In this sense, there is no difference between the two words.
  • We will use the term Tajweed to refer to the science (the group of rules) that we wish to master in order to recite with Tarteel.
  • The most valuable learning and reciting is the one performed by carfully observing language, mind and heart. The language takes care of the accuracy of the sounds and words, mind interprets their meaning and the heart keeps their instructions, advices and warnings. So the language speaks, mind recognizes and heart receives the moral message.

ٱلَّذِينَ ءَاتَيۡنَـٰهُمُ ٱلۡكِتَـٰبَ يَتۡلُونَهُ ۥ حَقَّ تِلَاوَتِهِۦۤ أُوْلَـٰٓٮِٕكَ يُؤۡمِنُونَ بِهِۦ‌ۗ

وَمَن يَكۡفُرۡ بِهِۦ فَأُوْلَـٰٓٮِٕكَ هُمُ ٱلۡخَـٰسِرُونَ

“Those unto whom We have given the Scripture, who read it with the right reading, those believe in it. And whoso disbelieveth in it, those are they who are the losers. (Al-Baqara, 121).

Narrated Uthman, Prophet Muhammad () said: ‘The best among you are those who learn the Qur’an and teach it to others’ (Sahih Al Bukhari vol 6, book 61, no. 545) Tajweed is the Science of reading Qur’an correctly. Learning how to recite the Qur’an correctly is an obligatory act upon EVERY Muslim.


Who was the Prophet Idris AS?

No one knows with certainty since below 2 passages are the only references to him in the entire Qur’an.

And [mention] Ishmael and Idris and Dhul-Kifl; all were of the patient. And We admitted them into Our mercy. Indeed, they were of the righteous. (Qur’an 31:85-86)


And mention in the Book, Idris. Indeed, he was a man of truth and a prophet.  And We raised him to a high station. Those were the ones upon whom Allah bestowed favour from among the prophets of the descendants of Adam and of those We carried [in the ship] with Noah, and of the descendants of Abraham and Israel, and of those whom We guided and chose. When the verses of the Most Merciful were recited to them, they fell in prostration and weeping. (Qur’an 19:56-58)


Allah has praised Idris AS in the verses above and described him as a prophet and truthful. Our Prophets’ ancestral line meets him as many of the genealogists mentioned it. Muslim commentators say that Idris AS was deeply devoted to his Lord’s worship and law; in fact his name means “one who studies or teaches”.

After Adam and Shiith, Idris was the first man to be sent as Prophet, peace be upon them all.
Prophet Idris (AS)