My Lord! Bestow Hukman (religious knowledge, right judgement of the affairs and Prophethood) on me, and join me with the righteous; 26:83
And grant me an honourable mention in later generations; 26:84
And make me one of the inheritors of the Paradise of Delight; 26:85
And forgive my father, verily he is of the erring; 26:86
And disgrace me not on the Day when (all the creatures) will be resurrected; 26:87
The Day whereon neither wealth nor sons will avail, 26:88
Except him who brings to Allah a clean heart [clean from Shirk (polytheism) and Nifaq (hypocrisy)]. 26:89
“Whatever is with you, will be exhausted, and whatever is with Allah (of good deeds) will remain.”
[Qur'an - Surah Al-Nahl 16:96]
Allah’s Messenger [صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم] said:
“When a man dies, his good deeds come to an end except three:
- ongoing charity,
- beneficial knowledge and
- righteous offspring who will pray for him.”
Narrated Abu Hurairah [رضی اللّٰہُ عنہ]:
Allah’s Messenger [صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم] said:
“The good deeds that will reach a believer after his death are: knowledge which he learned and then spread; a righteous son whom he leaves behind; a copy of the Qur’an that he leaves as a legacy; a mosque that he built; a house that he built for wayfarers; a canal that he dug; or charity that he gave during his lifetime when he was in good health. These deeds will reach him after his death.”
[Ibn Majah: 224]
It is permissible to give the Zakat to deserving relatives. The Prophet peace be upon him said, “Your relatives deserve more your goodness” But it is not allowed to give Zakat to one’s own children, grand-children or parents and grand-parents. The husband and wife also cannot give Zakat to each other. Because it is your duty to spend on these relatives like you spend on your own needs. You cannot give Zakat to your own self, similarly you cannot give Zakat to these relatives who come under the category of dependents.
“The alms are only for the Fuqara’ (the poor), and Al-Masakin (the needy) and those employed to collect (the funds); and to attract the hearts of those who have been inclined (towards Islam); and to free the captives; and for those in debt; and for Allah’s Cause, and for the wayfarer (a traveler who is cut off from everything); a duty imposed by Allah. And Allah is All-Knower, All-Wise.” [Al-Quran 9:60]
“They ask you as to what they should spend. Say: Whatever wealth you spend, it is for the parents and the near of kin and the orphans and the needy and the wayfarer, and whatever good you do, Allah surely knows it.” [Al-Quran 2:215]
“(Alms are) for the poor who are confined in the way of Allah– they cannot go about in the land; the ignorant man thinks them to be rich on account of (their) abstaining (from begging); you can recognize them by their mark; they do not beg from men importunately; and whatever good thing you spend, surely Allah knows it.” [Al-Quran 2:273]
“And give to the near of kin his due and (to) the needy and the wayfarer, and do not squander wastefully.” [Al-Quran 17:26]
|There are 8 groups of people on whom Zakat should be spent, as mentioned in the Quran:
- Fuqaraa: Those who own property in excess of basic necessities but below the value of Nisab***.
- Masakeen: Persons of extreme poverty who possess no wealth whatsoever.
- Aamileen: (Zakat collector) Those persons who are appointed by an Islamic Head of State or Government to collect Zakat. It is not necessary that this be a needy person.
- Muallafatul Quloob: Those poor and needy persons who are given Zakat with the intentions of solidifying their hearts because they maybe recently converted to Islam or to bring them closer to Islam.
- Ar-Riqaab: slaves whose masters have agreed to set them free on a payment of a fixed amount. Zakat may be used to purchase their freedom.
- Ibnus-Sabeel: A traveler, who, whilst wealthy at his residence, is stranded and in need of financial assistance.
- Al Ghaarimeen: A person whose debts exceeds his assets and his net assets (after deducting his liabilities) is below the Nisab limit. To determine whether a person qualifies, his basic necessities of life (house, furniture, clothes, vehicle, etc.) will not be taken into account. It is conditional that the debts were not created for any un-Islamic or sinful purpose.
- Fi Sabeelillah: Those who are away from home in the path of Allah. Those in Jihaad, those seeking knowledge or a stranded Haji may be assist with Zakat if they are in need.
What is nisab*** ? (minimum amount you should have possessed over a twelve month period)
To be liable for zakat, one’s wealth must amount to more than a threshold figure, termed the “nisab”. To determine the nisab, the are two measures: either gold or silver.
- Gold: The nisab by the gold standard is approx. 85 grams or its cash equivalent.
- Silver: The nisab by the silver standard is approx. 600 grams or its equivalent in cash.
Surat Al-’Isra (The Night Journey) 17 – Aya 23 and Aya 24
And your Lord has decreed that you worship none but Him. And that you be dutiful to your parents. If one of them or both of them attain old age in your life, say not to them a word of disrespect, nor shout at them but address them in terms of honour.
And lower unto them the wing of submission and humility through mercy, and say: “My Lord! Bestow on them Your Mercy as they did bring me up when I was small.”
Surat Al-Muzzammil 73 – Aya 20 (only. not full)
Verily, your Lord knows that you do stand (to pray at night) a little less than two-thirds of the night, or half the night, or a third of the night, and so do a party of those with you, And Allah measures the night and the day. He knows that you are unable to pray the whole night, so He has turned to you (in mercy). So, recite you of the Quran as much as may be easy for you. He knows that there will be some among you sick, others travelling through the land, seeking of Allah’s Bounty; yet others fighting in Allah’s Cause. So recite as much of the Quran as may be easy (for you), and perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat) and give Zakat, and lend to Allah a goodly loan, and whatever good you send before you for yourselves, (i.e. Nawafil non-obligatory acts of worship: prayers, charity, fasting, Hajj and ‘Umrah, etc.), you will certainly find it with Allah, better and greater in reward. And seek Forgiveness of Allah. Verily, Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most-Merciful.